Chemistry: The Central Science 10th edition

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Theodore Brown, Eugene LeMay, and Bruce Bursten
Publisher: Pearson Education


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  • Chapter 1: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
    • 1.1: The Study of Chemistry
    • 1: Visualizing Concepts
    • 1.2: Classifications of Matter (7)
    • 1.3: Properties of Matter (2)
    • 1.4: Units of Measurement (12)
    • 1.5: Uncertainty of Measurement (4)
    • 1.6: Dimensional Analysis (7)
    • 1: Additional Exercises (8)

  • Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
    • 2: Visualizing Concepts
    • 2.1: The Atomic Theory of Matter (2)
    • 2.2: The Discovery of Atomic Structure (1)
    • 2.3: The Modern View of Atomic Structure (5)
    • 2.4: Atomic Weights
    • 2.5: The Periodic Table (2)
    • 2.6: Molecules and Molecular Compounds (4)
    • 2.7: Ions and Ionic Compounds (5)
    • 2.8: Naming Inorganic Compounds (7)
    • 2.9: Some Simple Organic Compounds (2)
    • 2.x: Additional Exercises (1)

  • Chapter 3: Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
    • 3: Visualizing Concepts
    • 3.1: Chemical Equations (1)
    • 3.2: Some Simple Patterns of Chemical Reactivity (1)
    • 3.3: Formula Weights (2)
    • 3.4: Avogadro's Number and the Mole (6)
    • 3.5: Empirical Formulas from Analyses (3)
    • 3.6: Quantitative Information from Balanced Equations (6)
    • 3.7: Limiting Reactants (6)
    • 3: Additional Exercises (8)

  • Chapter 4: Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
    • 4: Visualizing Concepts
    • 4.1: General Properties of Aqueous Solutions (2)
    • 4.2: Precipitation Reactions (4)
    • 4.3: Acid-Base Reactions (2)
    • 4.4: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions (5)
    • 4.5: Concentrations of Solutions (10)
    • 4.6: Solution Stoichiometry and Chemical Analysis (9)
    • 4: Additional Exercises (5)

  • Chapter 5: Thermochemistry
    • 5: Visualizing Concepts
    • 5.1: The Nature of Energy (2)
    • 5.2: The First Law of Thermodynamics (3)
    • 5.3: Enthalpy (2)
    • 5.4: Enthalpies of Reaction (5)
    • 5.5: Calorimetry (8)
    • 5.6: Hess's Law (1)
    • 5.7: Enthalpies of Formation (3)
    • 5.8: Foods and Fuels (5)
    • 5: Additional Exercises (3)

  • Chapter 6: Electronic Structure of Atoms
    • 6: Visualizing Concepts
    • 6.1: The Wave Nature of Light (4)
    • 6.2: Quantized Energy and Photons (7)
    • 6.3: Line Spectra and the Bohr Model (3)
    • 6.4: The Wave Behavior of Matter (7)
    • 6.5: Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Orbitals (2)
    • 6.6: Representations of Orbitals (1)
    • 6.7: Many-Electron Atoms (2)
    • 6.8: Electron Configurations (1)
    • 6.9: Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table
    • 6: Additional Exercises (7)

  • Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements
    • 7: Visualizing Concepts
    • 7.1: Development of the Periodic Table
    • 7.2: Effective Nuclear Charge (2)
    • 7.3: Sizes of Atoms and Ions (11)
    • 7.4: Ionization Energy (4)
    • 7.5: Electron Affinities (2)
    • 7.6: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids (6)
    • 7.7: Group Trends for the Active Metals (3)
    • 7.8: Group Trends for Selected Nonmetals (1)
    • 7: Additional Exercises (2)

  • Chapter 8: Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
    • 8: Visualizing Concepts
    • 8.1: Chemical Bonds, Lewis Symbols, and the Octet Rule (4)
    • 8.2: Ionic Bonding (7)
    • 8.3: Covalent Bonding (3)
    • 8.4: Bond Polarity and Electronegativity (8)
    • 8.5: Drawing Lewis Structures
    • 8.6: Resonance Structures (1)
    • 8.7: Exceptions to the Octet Rule (1)
    • 8.8: Strengths of Covalent Bonds (3)
    • 8: Additional Exercises (5)

  • Chapter 9: Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories
    • 9: Visualizing Concepts
    • 9.1: Molecular Shapes (6)
    • 9.2: The VSEPR Model (4)
    • 9.3: Molecular Shape and Molecular Polarity (6)
    • 9.4: Covalent Bonding and Orbital Overlap
    • 9.5: Hybrid Orbitals (3)
    • 9.6: Multiple Bonds (4)
    • 9.7: Molecular Orbitals (5)
    • 9.8: Second-Row Diatomic Molecules
    • 9: Additional Exercises (3)

  • Chapter 10: Gases
    • 10: Visualizing Concepts
    • 10.1: Characteristics of Gases (6)
    • 10.2: Pressure (4)
    • 10.3: The Gas Laws (3)
    • 10.4: The Ideal-Gas Equation (8)
    • 10.5: Further Applications of the Ideal-Gas Equation (9)
    • 10.6: Gas Mixtures and Partial Pressures (6)
    • 10.7: Kinetic-Molecular Theory (2)
    • 10.8: Molecular Effusion and Diffusion
    • 10.9: Real Gases: Deviations from Ideal Behavior
    • 10: Additional Exercises (6)

  • Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
    • 11: Visualizing Concepts
    • 11.1: A Molecular Comparison of Gases, Liquids, and Solids
    • 11.2: Intermolecular Forces (5)
    • 11.3: Some Properties of Liquids
    • 11.4: Phase Changes (6)
    • 11.5: Vapor Pressure (2)
    • 11.6: Phase Diagrams (1)
    • 11.7: Structures of Solids (5)
    • 11.8: Bonding in Solids (3)
    • 11: Additional Exercises (2)

  • Chapter 12: Modern Materials
    • 12: Visualizing Concepts
    • 12.1: Classes of Materials (3)
    • 12.2: Materials for Structure (5)
    • 12.3: Materials for Medicine (2)
    • 12.4: Materials for Electronics
    • 12.5: Materials for Optics (5)
    • 12.6: Materials for Nanotechnology (2)
    • 12: Additional Exercises (6)

  • Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions
    • 13: Visualizing Concepts
    • 13.1: The Solution Process (3)
    • 13.2: Saturated Solutions and Solubility (2)
    • 13.3: Factors Affecting Solubility (3)
    • 13.4: Ways of Expressing Concentration (15)
    • 13.5: Colligative Properties (10)
    • 13.6: Colloids
    • 13: Additional Exercises (2)

  • Chapter 14: Chemical Kinetics
    • 14: Visualizing Concepts
    • 14.1: Factors that Affect Reaction Rates
    • 14.2: Reaction Rates (4)
    • 14.3: Concentration and Rate (5)
    • 14.4: The Change of Concentration with Time (4)
    • 14.5: Temperature and Rate (6)
    • 14.6: Reactions Mechanisms (2)
    • 14.7: Catalysis (2)
    • 14: Additional Exercises (8)

  • Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
    • 15: Visualizing Concepts
    • 15.1: The Concept of Equilibrium (2)
    • 15.2: The Equilibrium Constant (1)
    • 15.3: Interpreting and Working with Equilibrium Constants
    • 15.4: Heterogeneous Equilibria
    • 15.5: Calculating Equilibrium Constants (2)
    • 15.6: Applications of Equilibrium Constants (10)
    • 15.7: Le Chatlier's Principle (3)
    • 15: Additional Exercises (9)

  • Chapter 16: Acid-Base Equilibria
    • 16: Visualizing Concepts
    • 16.1: Acids and Bases: A Brief Review
    • 16.2: Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases (6)
    • 16.3: The Autoionization of Water (2)
    • 16.4: The pH scale (5)
    • 16.5: Strong Acids and Bases (8)
    • 16.6: Weak Acids (6)
    • 16.7: Weak Bases (2)
    • 16.8: Relationship Between Ka and Kb (2)
    • 16.9: Acid-Base Properties of Salt Solutions (1)
    • 16.10: Acid-Base Behavior and Chemical Structure (1)
    • 16.11: Lewis Acids and Bases (2)
    • 16: Additional Exercises

  • Chapter 17: Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria
    • 17: Visualizing Concepts
    • 17.1: The Common-Ion Effect (3)
    • 17.2: Buffered Solutions (7)
    • 17.3: Acid-Base Titrations (9)
    • 17.4: Solubility Equilibria (3)
    • 17.5: Factors that Affect Solubility (3)
    • 17.6: Precipitation and Separation of Ions (3)
    • 17.7: Qualitative Analysis for Metallic Elements (1)
    • 17: Additional Exercises (4)

  • Chapter 18: Chemistry of the Environment
    • 18: Visualizing Concepts
    • 18.1: Earth's Atmosphere (4)
    • 18.2: Outer Regions of the Atmosphere (1)
    • 18.3: Ozone in the Upper Atmosphere
    • 18.4: Chemistry of the Troposphere (2)
    • 18.5: The World Ocean (6)
    • 18.6: Fresh Water (5)
    • 18.7: Green Chemistry
    • 18: Additional Exercises (12)

  • Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics
    • 19: Visualizing Concepts
    • 19.1: Spontaneous Processes (3)
    • 19.2: Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics (5)
    • 19.3: The Molecular Interpretation of Entropy (6)
    • 19.4: Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions (1)
    • 19.5: Gibbs Free Energy (9)
    • 19.6: Free Energy and Temperature
    • 19.7: Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constant (9)
    • 19: Additional Exercises (1)

  • Chapter 20: Electrochemistry
    • 20: Visualizing Concepts
    • 20.1: Oxidation State (2)
    • 20.2: Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Equations (3)
    • 20.3: Voltaic Cells (1)
    • 20.4: Cell EMF Under Standard Conditions (3)
    • 20: Strengths of Oxidizing and Reducing Agents (5)
    • 20.5: Free Energy and Redox Reactions (5)
    • 20.6: Cell EMF Under Nonstandard Conditions (3)
    • 20.7: Batteries and Fuel Cells (2)
    • 20.8: Corrosion
    • 20.9: Electrolysis (6)
    • 20: Additional Exercises (2)

  • Chapter 21: Nuclear Chemistry
    • 21: Visualizing Concepts
    • 21.1: Radioactivity (5)
    • 21.2: Patterns of Nuclear Stability (4)
    • 21.3: Nuclear Transmutations (1)
    • 21.4: Rates of Radioactive Decay (10)
    • 21.5: Detection of Radioactivity
    • 21.6: Energy Changes in Nuclear Reactions (5)
    • 21.7: Nuclear Fission
    • 21.8: Nuclear Fusion
    • 21.9: Biological Effects of Radiation (3)
    • 21: Additional Exercises (4)

  • Chapter 22: Chemistry of the Nonmetals
    • 22: Visualizing Concepts
    • 22.1: General Concepts: Periodic Trends and Chemical Reactions (4)
    • 22.2: Hydrogen (1)
    • 22.3: Group 8A: The Noble Gases (3)
    • 22.4: Group 7A: The Halogens (1)
    • 22.5: Oxygen (4)
    • 22.6: The Other Group 6A Elements: S, Se, Te, and Po
    • 22.7: Nitrogen (2)
    • 22.8: The Other Group 5A Elements: P, As, Sb, and Bi (2)
    • 22.9: Carbon (1)
    • 22.10: The Other Group 4A Elements: Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb (1)
    • 22.11: Boron (1)
    • 22: Additional Exercises (4)

  • Chapter 23: Metals and Metallurgy
    • 23: Visualizing Concepts
    • 23.1: Occurrence and Distribution of Metals
    • 23.2: Pyrometallury (6)
    • 23.3: Hydrometallury
    • 23.4: Electrometallury
    • 23.5: Metallic Bonding
    • 23.6: Alloys (2)
    • 23.7: Transition Metals (10)
    • 23.8: Chemistry of Selected Transition Metals
    • 23: Additional Exercises (11)

  • Chapter 24: Chemistry of Coordination Compounds
    • 24: Visualizing Concepts
    • 24.1: Metal Complexes (1)
    • 24.2: Ligands with More than One Donor Atom (1)
    • 24.3: Nomenclature of Coordination Chemistry (2)
    • 24.4: Isomerism
    • 24.5: Color and Magnetism (1)
    • 24.6: Crystal-Field Theory (5)
    • 24: Additional Exercises (10)

  • Chapter 25: The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
    • 25: Visualizing Concepts
    • 25.1: Some General Characteristics of Organic Molecules (1)
    • 25.2: Introduction to Hydrocarbons (2)
    • 25.3: Alkanes
    • 25.4: Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
    • 25.5: Functional Groups: Alcohols and Ethers (1)
    • 25.6: Compounds with a Carbonyl Group
    • 25.7: Chirality in Organic Chemistry
    • 25.8: Introduction to Biochemistry
    • 25.9: Proteins
    • 25.10: Carbohydrates (2)
    • 25.11: Nucleic Acids (1)
    • 25: Additional Exercises (8)

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Group Quantity Questions
Chapter 1: Introduction: Matter and Measurement
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Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
2.P 29 008 010 012 015 016 021 022 024 036 041 043 044 049 050 051 052 054 055 056 057 058 059 060 061 062 064 065 066 089
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
3.P 33 012 020 022 023 028 036 037 038 039 040 043 052 053 057 058 063 064 065 066 069 070 074 075 076 078 082 083 085 088 093 100 102 107
Chapter 4: Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
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Chapter 5: Thermochemistry
5.P 32 011 012 025 026 030 037 038 039 040 043 044 046 048 049 051 052 054 054.alt 055 058 064 070 072 077 079 080 081 082 083 095 098 105
Chapter 6: Electronic Structure of Atoms
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Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements
7.P 31 013 014 015 017 018 021 022 023 024 028 030 032 033 041 042 043 044 045 046 054 055 057 058 060 064 066 068 069 078 101 108
Chapter 8: Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
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Chapter 9: Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories
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Chapter 10: Gases
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Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
11.P 24 014 019 020 025 026 033 034 037 038 039 040 045 048 054 058 061 063 066 068 072 076 078 103 106
Chapter 12: Modern Materials
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Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions
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Chapter 14: Chemical Kinetics
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Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium
15.P 27 009 016 018 030 034 036 038 040 042 043 044 046 047 048 049 052 054 056 058 060 062 064 065 066 068 069 076
Chapter 16: Acid-Base Equilibria
16.P 35 015 016 018 020 022 024 029 030 033 034 035 036 038 041 043 044 046 047 048 049 050 054 055 058 062 064 066 072 076 082 084 086 096 102 104
Chapter 17: Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria
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Chapter 18: Chemistry of the Environment
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Chapter 19: Chemical Thermodynamics
19.P 34 008 012 016 021 022 024 025 026 030 032 037 038 039 040 048 052 056 057 060 061 062 063 066 070 072 073 074 074.alt 076 077 078 079 080 088
Chapter 20: Electrochemistry
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Chapter 21: Nuclear Chemistry
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Chapter 22: Chemistry of the Nonmetals
22.P 24 012 013 014 018 026 028 031 032 033 044 045 046 047 055 059 064 068 070 075 078 084 101 105 109
Chapter 23: Metals and Metallurgy
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Chapter 24: Chemistry of Coordination Compounds
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Chapter 25: The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
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