physPad Reference

You can enter the following notation in physPad.

Note: Some functions have more than one keyboard shortcut. The displayed notation depends on which shortcut you use. Both notations are graded identically.

Notation

Keyboard

Button Group

Button

Decimal numbers

0123456789.

Fractions

/

Operations

fraction button

Variables

Type variables exactly as specified in the question.

Variable names are displayed in italics. Variables are case- sensitive. You cannot substitute x for X.

Addition

+

Subtraction

-

Multiplication

*

Division

Note: Express as fractions.

Parentheses

(  )

Sets

parentheses button

Square root

sqrt(n)

Operations

square root button

Exponent

^

Operations

exponent button

Factorial

n!

Operations

factorial button

Base or subscript

_

Operations

subscript button

Exponent and subscript of a variable

n_b RIGHT ARROW ^x

Operations

exponent and subscript button

nth root

Math

Operations

nth root button

Absolute value

|n|

Math

Operations

absolute value button

Exponential function

e^n
exp(

Math

Operations

Euler's number to a power button

Natural logarithm

ln(n)

Math

Operations

natural log button

Power of 10

10^n

Math

Operations

10 to a power button

Logarithm (base 10)

log(n)

Math

Operations

base 10 log button

General Log

log_b RIGHT ARROW (n)

Math

No button. Use keyboard shortcut.

base n log button

No button. Use keyboard shortcut.

Infinity

infinity

Symbols

infinity button

Does not exist

DNE

Symbols

DNE button

Undefined

Symbols

UNDEF button

Imaginary unit

Symbols

imaginary unit button

Degrees

Symbols

Degree button

Script l

Symbols

script l button

Script E

Symbols

script E button

Overline

Symbols

bar button

hbar

hbar

Symbols

h-bar button

Perpendicular

Symbols

perpendicular button

Parallel

Symbols

parallel button

Equal

=

Relations

equals button

Greater than

>

Relations

greater than button

Greater than or equal to

>=

Relations

greater than or equal to button

Less than

<

Relations

less than button

Less than or equal to

>=

Relations

less than or equal to button

No solution

NO SOLUTION

Relations

NO SOL button

Sine

sin(n)

Trig

Sine button

Cosine

cos(n)

Trig

Cosine button

Tangent

tan(n)

Trig

Tangent button

Cosecant

csc(n)

Trig

Cosecant button

Secant

sec(n)

Trig

Secant button

Cotangent

cot(n)

Trig

Cotangent button

Inverse sine (arcsine)

sin^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arcsin(n)

Trig

Inverse Sine button

Inverse cosine (arccosine)

cos^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arccos(n)

Trig

Inverse Cosine button

Inverse tangent (arctangent)

tan^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arctan(n)

Trig

Inverse Tangent button

Inverse cosecant (arccosecant)

csc^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arccsc(n)

Trig

Inverse Cosecant button

Inverse secant (arcsecant)

sec^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arcsec(n)

Trig

Inverse Secant button

Inverse cotangent (arccotangent)

cot^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arccot(n)

Trig

Inverse Cotangent button

Hyperbolic sine

sinh(n)

Trig

Hyperbolic Sine button

Hyperbolic cosine

cosh(n)

Trig

Hyperbolic Cosine button

Hyperbolic tangent

tanh(n)

Trig

Hyperbolic Tangent button

Hyperbolic cosecant

csch(n)

Trig

Hyperbolic Cosecant button

Hyperbolic secant

sech(n)

Trig

Hyperbolic Secant button

Hyperbolic cotangent

coth(n)

Trig

Hyperbolic Cotangent button

Inverse hyperbolic sine (area hyperbolic sine)

sinh^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arcsinh(n)

Trig

Inverse Hyperbolic Sine button

Inverse hyperbolic cosine (area hyperbolic cosine)

cosh^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arccosh(n)

Trig

Inverse Hyperbolic Cosine button

Inverse hyperbolic tangent (area hyperbolic tangent)

tanh^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arctanh(n)

Trig

Inverse Hyperbolic Tangent button

Inverse hyperbolic cosecant (area hyperbolic cosecant)

csch^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arccsch(n)

Trig

Inverse Hyperbolic Cosecant button

Inverse hyperbolic secant (area hyperbolic secant)

sech^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arcsech(n)

Trig

Inverse Hyperbolic Secant button

Inverse hyperbolic cotangent (area hyperbolic cotangent)

coth^-1 RIGHT ARROW (n)
arccoth(n)

Trig

Inverse Hyperbolic Cotangent button

Bold vector

 

Vectors

 bold vector button

Vector bracket

 

Vectors

 vector bracket button

Arrow vector

 

Vectors

 arrow vector button

i unit vector

 

Vectors

 i unit button

j unit vector

 

Vectors

 j unit button

k unit vector

 

Vectors

 k unit button

Unit vector (hat vector)

 

Vectors

 unit vector button

theta

theta

Greek

lowercase theta button

pi

pi

Greek

pi button

Set delimiters (braces)

{  }

Sets

braces button

Closed interval (brackets)

[a,b]

Sets

brackets button

Open interval (parentheses)

(a,b)

Sets

parentheses button

Half-closed interval (half-open interval)

[a,b) 
(a,b]

You cannot type this notation.

Sets

half-closed interval button 1 or half-closed interval button 2

Empty set

empty

Sets

empty set button

Union

union

Sets

union button

Intersection

intersect

Sets

intersection button

Lowercase Greek letter

Name of the letter in lowercase, for example, alpha, beta, gamma.

Greek

lowercase Greek character palette

Uppercase Greek letter

Capitalized name of the letter, for example, Alpha, Beta, Gamma.

Greek

uppercase Greek character palette